Competency-Based Language Teaching (CBLT) focuses on what “learners are expected to do with the language” (Richards & Rodgers, 2001, p.141). This approach emerged in the United States in the 1970s and can be described as “defining educational goals in terms of precise measurable descriptions of the knowledge, skills, and behaviors students should possess at the end of a course of study” (Richards & Rodgers, 2001, p.141).
Competency-based Language Teaching – Teflpedia. (2017). Teflpedia.com. Retrieved 10 March 2017, from http://teflpedia.com/Competency-based_Language_Teaching
As Clare Maas points out, “…language is taught as a function of communicating about concrete tasks; learners are taught the language forms/skills they will need to use in various situations in which they will need to function.”